FAQ regarding .SE and .nu

WorldNames, Inc., the registry operator and manager for the .nu top level domain since 1998, has selected .SE (The internet Infrastructure Foundation), to operate .nu domain's registry services, including administration and technical operations. The change will not affect holders of .nu domains.

(read the press release)

Last updated: information regarding practical implication added 2013-07-01

The practical implications of the transition for .nu domain holders

• When will the actual transition take place?

Operation and administration of the .nu domain name registry service will switch to .SE on September 2, 2013. As part of the technical transition, the WorldNames .nu registration system will be closed from August 30 at 6:00 p.m. UTC (8:00 p.m. Swedish summer time) until September 2 at 8:00 a.m. UTC (10:00 a.m. Swedish summer time), at which time it will be under operational control of .SE. During this four-day period, it will not be possible to register .nu domains, assign domain names, perform redelegations, etc. However, your .nu domain names will still be active on the internet and will resolve normally during this four-day period.

• How will the transition take place in practice?

The technical transition will take place during the final weekend of August. This means that the WorldNames .nu registration system will be closed on August 30 at 6:00 p.m. UTC (8:00 p.m. Swedish summer time) and no registrations will be processed until it reopens on September 2 at 8:00 a.m. UTC (10:00 a.m. Swedish summer time), under operational control of .SE. During this four-day period, it will not be possible to register .nu domains, assign domain names, perform redelegations, etc. However, .nu domain names will still be active on the internet and will resolve normally during this transition period.

When the .nu domain registration system is reopened on Monday, September 2, WorldNames will have completed the transfer of responsibility for the administrative and technical operations of .nu to .SE.

• As a holder of a .nu domain, do I have to do anything prior to the transition?

No, you do not have to do anything. All domain holders will retain their current registrars (domain name resellers). The only thing that is good to keep in mind is that any time-consuming changes regarding .nu domains – such as making a change of domain holders and registrar transfer – must be completed by as early as August 26 to avoid being disrupted by the transition.

Redelegations of .nu domains cannot be performed later than August 28 and subsequently not before September 2. You must thus contact your registrar well in advance if you want to make changes at the end of August/beginning of September.

• What will happen with domains that are to be renewed between August 30 and September 2?

WorldNames and .SE will ensure that no .nu domains that are scheduled for renewal in conjunction with the transition will expire before the systems are functioning stably again after reopening on September 2. Accordingly, domains that expire between August 30 and September 1 can also be renewed on September 2 and 3, after the systems have reopened.

• Does the transition entail any changes in prices or the terms and conditions for .nu domains?

In conjunction with the transition to .SE, we are taking the opportunity to simplify the regulatory framework for .nu domains, which will make it easier and quicker to change the holder of a domain name (an ”Ownership Transfer” under WorldNames) and to make a registrar transfer than it previously was. Please contact your registrar if you have any questions regarding the prices or regulatory framework that will apply as of September 2.

• What are the risks during the transition? Is there a risk that .nu domains will stop working?

WorldNames, Inc. selected .SE because of our expertise and reliable technical infrastructure. Together, we have planned the transition in great detail and minimized all risks. Domain holders do not need to worry about .nu domains being impacted.

General information about the agreement

Why is .SE taking over the administration of .nu?

WorldNames, Inc., which has managed and administered the top-level domain .nu since 1998, has elected to assign the administrative and technical operation of the .nu top-level domain to .SE Going forward, WorldNames will focus on expanding and improving its operations as a full service .nu domain name Registrar and webhosting service via it’s retail registration service at www.nunames.nu, The fact that .SE was selected was a result of the organization’s skills and reliable technical infrastructure, as well as its presence in the Nordic domain market, particularly in Sweden, which has been the primary market for .nu for the past 15 years.

At .SE, we are naturally very pleased about and proud of this. For us, the assumption of the responsibility for operation of the .nu domain is completely in line with promoting the internet’s development in Sweden, since 68 percent of .nu holders are located here.

What does managing the operations of .nu mean for .SE?

This means that .SE will be responsible for registry services for the top-level domain .nu, which includes the administrative and technical operations. .SE will ensure a stable and robust operation of .nu as a result of substantial redundancy and by offering more slave servers than are currently available, as well as IPv6 and DNSSEC, which simply guarantees proper stability and security for .nu domains.

In conjunction with the transition to .SE, we will simplify the regulatory framework for .nu domains, which will make it easier and quicker to change holder of a domain name and make a registrar transfer than it previously was.

• What does the agreement between .SE and WorldNames, Inc. entail?

.SE will be responsible for the operation and administration of the top-level domain .nu, while WorldNames will focus on its growing registrar operations. In the interest of ensuring stability and continuity, .SE has accepted responsibility for the technical operation and administration of the .nu domain for at least 15 years.

The relationship between the internet Cooperation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and the IUSN Foundation, which is the designated manager for the .nu top level domain, will not be affected.

• How will those who currently have a .nu domain be affected?

This shift will not affect .nu domain holders. All .nu domain name holders will remain customers of their current registrars. WorldNames will also continue to offer the registration of .nu domains via its registrar service http://www.nunames.nu and continue to provide support to its existing customers.

However, in conjunction with the transition to .SE, we are taking the opportunity to simplify the regulatory framework for .nu domains, which will make it easier and quicker to change the holder of  a domain name and to make a registrar transfer than it previously was.

.SE ensures a high level of operational security for .nu as a result of substantial redundancy, by offering more slave servers, as well as IPv6 and DNSSEC, which simply guarantees proper stability and security for .nu domains.

• How many registrars are currently .nu registrars and how many of them are already in .SE’s registrar chain?
.nu has fewer registrars than .se but most of them are also .se registrars.

• Where are .nu’s customers currently located?
In 2011, 68 percent of .nu domains were held by domain owners in Sweden, 19 percent in the Netherlands, 5 percent in Denmark, 2 percent in Norway and 6 percent in other countries. The increase in the number of domains in Sweden between 2012 and 2011 was 1 percent, but rose 17 percent in the Netherlands. The word “nu” has the same meaning in Swedish, Dutch and Danish.

• How many .nu domains are registered?

On May 31, slightly more than 232,000 active .nu domains were registered. In Sweden, the market share for .nu is 7 percent, compared with 65 percent for .se.

FAQs on .SE and .nu

• How will the internet in Sweden benefit from the transaction?
.SE will ensure a robust, stable and secure operation of .nu, which contains several domain names of importance to Swedish official functions. .SE will also implement end-user friendly policies to provide both registrars and end customers with simpler management of domains.

This transaction is an opportunity for .SE to strengthen its organization and remain an attractive employer with a high competence in the DNS area, which in turn will ensure stable and secure operations of .nu and .se for the future.

• .SE has previously stated that it would not manage any top-level domains other than .se. Why has .SE changed its position?
We have previously stated that .SE does not plan to apply for any new top-level domains, nor will we compete for the management of other top-level domains at a global level, but rather primarily focus on .se domains and Sweden. We have also stated that we are interested in helping to manage top-level domains with a local association, since we have a major advantage compared with many others. We are acquainted with the Swedish market and have a well-functioning reseller network in the form of our registrars, as well as extensive experience in managing .se. The local association of .nu is very clear as Sweden is its primary market.

• .SE will now gain a more dominant position in the Swedish market; doesn’t this breach anti-competition legislation?
Being the dominant player is not prohibited. However, abusing your dominant market position is prohibited.

The market is facing major changes as a result of ICANN’s decision to allow anyone to apply for new top-level domains. To date, ICANN has received more than 1,900 applications, of which 13 are associated with Sweden. Accordingly, no one knows what the Swedish market will be like in the future.

• Doesn’t this transaction contravene the foundation’s bylaws?
No, on the contrary, the foundation’s bylaws (section 2) state that the foundation must specifically promote the development and management of domain names under the top-level domain “.se” and other national domains pertaining to Sweden. .nu is closely associated with Sweden since Sweden is the primary market. In accordance with our bylaws, .SE can offer a more robust and stable operation of .nu, which will naturally benefit both our registrars and domain name holders.

We have also secured information from the County Administrative Board that our bylaws do not pose any obstacles ahead of taking over the management of .nu.

• You have said that .se should be the natural choice for a top-level domain, isn’t .nu a threat to .se?
The domain name market is about to undergo major changes, with the new top-level domains that can be applied for through ICANN. The new top-level domains will denote company and product names but will also be more encompassing, such as .beauty or .lol. The effects of this break in the domain market trend cannot be determined at the moment. We believe that the .nu domain has growth potential in more countries than Sweden, primarily in the Netherlands, Denmark and Norway.

We want .se to be the natural choice, and .nu to  be the second natural choice in Sweden. :)